Sunday, October 1, 2017

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal, Puducherry

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal, Puducherry
Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple or Dharbaranyeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located at Thirunallar Village near Karaikal in Karaikal District of Pondicherry. Presiding Deity is called as Dharbaranyeswarar / Nallarar / Thirunallatreswarar. Mother is called as Piranambigai / Praneswari / Bogamarntha Poonmulaiyal. Though the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, importance is given to Lord Saneeswarar. The worship is also centered around the icon of planet Saturn, called Saniswaran, originally treated as the door keeper of the shrine. The tradition is to worship Saneeswarar before entering the inner sanctum of Lord Siva.







Like Shani Shinkapur in Maharashtra, the temple here in Thirunallaru is a major temple in India dedicated to Shani God. It is very crowded in Saturdays and during 'Sani peyarchi' (when the Saturn moves from one star to other). The place Tirunallar was historically called Darbharanyam. The legendary King Nala is said to have been relieved of his afflictions caused by the malefic influence of Saturn, after worship in this temple.







Sambandar, the 7th century Nayanmar and Tamil Saivite poet has revered the deity with four hymns, in one of which he refers to a contest with Jains, and his victory. Appar and Sundarar, the other Nayanmars have glorified the temple with their hymns. Arunagirinathar, a 15th-century poet and staunch devotee of Lord Muruga has composed hymns on the deity and this temple is attributed to Murugan worship as well. This is the 169th Devaram Padal Petra Shiva Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery and 52nd Sthalam in Chozha Nadu. Tirugnanasambandar sung the hymns ‘Bogamarntha poonmulayal’ in the analvatham and the same was called as Pachai Thirupathigam.







This temple is one of the Saptha Vidanga Sthalams. (The other 6 are Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Tirumaraikadu, Thirukkaaraayil, Thiruvaimur and Tirukolili- Thirukkuvalai). Thyagarajar is called as Nagavidanga Thiyagar- Sri Shenbaga Thyagarajar. And the dance is called as Unmatha Natanam. Thirunallar Dharbaranyeswarar Temple is considered as one of the Navagraha temples, dedicated to Lord Sani, Saturn. Navagraha temples are the nine temples dedicated to Navagrahas (nine planets or nine celestial bodies).







Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
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Temple Opening Time
The Temple remains open from 6.00 A.M. - 1.00 P.M. & 4.00 P.M. - 9.00 P.M.
Pooja Timings
For brief details, please refer below link;
Festivals
For brief details, please refer below link;
Religious Significance
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Processional Dance
For brief details, please refer below link;
Literary Mention
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Prayers
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Contact
Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple),
Thirunallar – 609 607,
Karaikal, Puducherry (UT)
Phone: +91 4368 236530
Fax: +91 4368 236504
Mobile: +91 94422 36504
Connectivity
For brief details, please refer below link;

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Connectivity

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Connectivity
The Temple is located at about 2 Kms from Thirunallar Bus Stop. Thirunallar is located at about 7 Kms from Karaikal, 7 Kms from Karaikal Bus Station, 7 Kms from Karaikal Railway Station, 53 Kms from Kumbakonam, 18 Kms from Peralam, 37 Kms from Thiruvarur, 26 Kms from Nagapattinam, 34 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 19 Kms from Nagore, 49 Kms from Sirkazhi, 96 Kms from Thanjavur, 134 Kms from Puducherry and 158 Kms from Trichy.
By Road:
The Temple is located at about 2 Kms from Thirunallar Bus Stop. Also, Thirunallar is located at about 7 Kms from Karaikal Bus Station. Thirunallar is located on Karaikal to Kumbakonam bus route. Frequent buses are available from Peralam, Karaikal, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai and Nagapattinam. Devotees coming from Chennai, Andhra Pradesh can easily reach Karaikal via Chidambaram and Sirkali. Frequent bus service available from Chidambaram to Karaikal bus stand. Tamilnadu State Transport Corporation, Pondicherry Road Transport Development Corporation and other private buses are available. Taxis, Auto-rickshaws and Local buses are also available for Local transportation.
By Train:
There is no train service available to Thirunallar but one can reach Karaikal Railway Station, located at about 7 Kms from temple. Daily train services are available from Karaikal railway station to Bangalore, Chennai, Ernakulam, Thanjavur, Trichy, and weekly train is available to Mumbai LT. Karaikal is connected directly from Chidambaram, Mayiladuthurai, Kumbakonam, Thanjavur, Tiruchirappalli, Thiruvarur, Velankanni, Nagapattinam and Nagore.
By Air:
Trichy Airport is the nearest airport, located at about 160 Kms Thirunallar temple. One can reach temple from Trichy via Thanjavur, Kumbakonam by train, bus, car and other motor vehicle. Indian Airlines connects Trichy with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait and Colombo. Air Lanka Service connects Tiruchirappalli with Colombo. 

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Prayers

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Prayers
According to the epics and legends the planet Saturn colonize in each Zodiac sign for seven and half years and this is considered as a troublesome time which adds a lot of challenges for the individual who going through it. The resentful planet Saturn is worshiped first by the devotees before worshiping the presiding deity Lord Shiva. Saturday is the most sacred day for Lord Saneeswaran. Most devotees throng the temple for relief from the effects of Planet Saturn in their life. They take an oil bath in the Nala Theertham, offer prayers to Shri Kalitheertha Vinayaka, break coconuts and worship lord Sani (the planet Saturn).
It is the staunch belief and experience too that those afflicted by the adverse effects of Planet Saturn get a relief after praying to the Saturn in the Shri Dharbaranyeswarar temple. They also come here for repentance from sins, curing of diseases, getting oratory skills. They pray to Dharbaranyeswarar for peaceful marriage alliances. Above all they get total mental peace. Devotees light lamps with sesame in this temple. The wick made of cotton cloth with sesame seeds inside available for rupees five inside the temple. It is customary to light this lamp on Saturdays to please Lord Shani to ward off his bad influence.
It is also believed that praying to Lord Anjaneya on Saturdays, wearing of blue stone as rings, donating black garments and sesame will reduce the influence of Lord Shani. Those facing evil effects of Saturn, light lamps with gingelly oil and with black Dill (Ellu). They offer Dill rice as Nivedhana. Perform Navagraha Shanti Homas (a puja to satisfy and calm down the anger of the planets). They offer money in the hundi, cows to the temple. Many also shave their heads and offer the hair. Devotees offer abishek to Lord Dharbaranyeswarar in milk, rosewater, tender coconuts, curd, Dill oil, sandal paste, sacred ashes (Vibhuthi) and new clothes. Devotees offer Sari to the Goddess Bhogamartha Poonmulayal, light lamps in her shrine and feed the Bakthas visiting the temple.
Prayer Procedure:
Devotees facing evil effects of Saturn must stay for one day and night in the temple vicinity. The most preferable day for visiting this temple is Saturday. Devotees should do rituals to attain total blessing from the Navagraha Lord Sani and lead a peaceful life in the following ways: In the morning take a holy bath in the Holy water tank called Shani Theertham. Gingelly oil must be applied on the head before the bath and a piece of cloth like a banyan or underwear must be left on the banks of the tank (not inside the water as people do by mistake).
After getting dressed visit the nearby Kalitheertha Vinayaka shrine and offer prayers and break coconuts after surrounding it over the heads three times. Go to the main temple and light lamps with gingelly oil (Nallennai) with a bunch of black Til (Ellu) which can be packed in a piece of cloth put in an Akal Vilakku (Lamp made of mud) (you can buy oil and 'Ellu’ called as sesame seeds or till and cloth and prepare or buy readily available inside the temple).
Then perform Archanas to Lord Shiva, Ambal and other Gods finally in the shrine of Sri Saneeswaran Baghwan. Chant few mantras and slokas of Lord Sani before his Shrine. Sit peacefully for some time and do meditation praying the Lord to relieve your sins. They should offer Ellu Sadam or Rice mixed with sesame seeds (til rice) as Nivedhana and distribute to devotees and poor peoples. This food item is a good pariharam for Lord Shani which can be prepared in the house and distributed at the temple. 

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Literary Mention

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Literary Mention
Sambandar, the 7th century Nayanmar and Tamil Saivite poet has revered the deity with four hymns, in one of which he refers to a contest with Jains, and his victory. Appar and Sundarar, the other Nayanmars have glorified the temple with their hymns. Arunagirinathar, a 15th-century poet and staunch devotee of Lord Muruga has composed hymns on the deity and this temple is attributed to Murugan worship as well. This is the 169th Devaram Padal Petra Shiva Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery and 52nd Sthalam in Chozha Nadu.  Tirugnanasambandar sung the hymns ‘Bogamarntha poonmulayal’ in the analvatham and the same was called as Pachai Thirupathigam.
The Story of the Pachai Padigam (In the Tamil language, Pachai = evergreen, Padigam = decadal verse). This hymn is written in praise of Lord Dharbaranyeswarar. It is unique glory of the Tirunallar temple that it possesses the Pachai Padigam which occupies a pride of place in the history of the Hindu Saivite Tamil hymn literature. This Padigam extols the virtues of the Lord and begins with the opening line Bhogamartha Poon Mulayal a pecan to the consort of Lord Dharbaranyeswarar. And it is said to have stood and ordeal of fire and the event leading to it is of absorbing interest and is narrated below.
It took place in the 7th century A.D, in Madurai, the capital of the Pandya Kingdom, during the reign of the celebrated Koon Pandya, also called Ninraseer Nedumaran. Ninra-seer-Nedumaran converted to Jainism. During this time, Jainism was spreading its influence in South India. Soon, all but his queen Mangaiyarkarasi and his minister Kulacchirai Nayanar - both staunch Saivites (worshippers of Lord Shiva) had embraced Jainism, forsaking the old religion. This caused immense agony to the queen and the minister who were anxious to reclaim both king and kingdom back into the fold of the traditional religion (Saivism).
To these two grief-stricken individuals came news of the camping of boy saint Thirugnana Sambandar at Vedaranyam. Having heard of the miracles performed by this young Saivite saint in Thanjavur district, they sent an urgent invitation to him to visit Madurai and extricate the king and his subjects from the clutches of Jainism. The arrival of the Saivite saint irked the Jains, who are said to have then set fire to his holy dwelling.
But by his yogic powers, Sambandar had the heat transferred to the king, who consequently suffered in agony. Upon the Queen's request, the young saint then sang the Padigam 'Mandiramavadu Neeru' and sprinkled a few grains of holy ash on the right side of the king's body to alleviate the pain. In contest, the Jains in turn chanted the Aruga Mantra (Jain Mantra) and stroked the left side of the king's person with peacock feathers, but it only aggravated the pain.
In response to entreaties by the king and his ministers, Sambandar applied a few more grains of the sacred ash to the king's left side also. The poor Pandian monarch, who only a little while ago was the very picture of suffering, misery and distress, now smiled gaily and was free of his burns. But the Jains challenged the Saivites further, asking that the Mantras of both religions be written on palm leaves and consigned to flames to see which one survived the ordeal of fire (thereby showing superiority over the other).
The Jains first placed their palm leaf onto the fire but it was soon consumed by the flames. Saint Thirugnana Sambandar placed on the flames one leaf containing the forty-ninth Padigam of the Thevaram hymn which was sung at the shrine of Lord Dharbaranyeswarar at Thirunallar. The leaf remained untouched by the flames and maintained its evergreen freshness, reestablishing Saivism as the true religion in Pandian capital. Hence the glory of the Thirunallar temple. Hence the appellation "Pachai Padigam" was being applied to it.

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Processional Dance

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Processional Dance
The Thyagarajar Temple at Tiruvarur is famous for the Ajapa Thanam (dance without chanting), that is executed by the deity itself. According to legend, a Chola king named Mucukunta obtained a boon from Indra(a celestial deity) and wished to receive an image of Thyagaraja Swamy (presiding deity, Shiva in the temple) reposing on the chest of reclining Lord VishnuIndra tried to misguide the king and had six other images made, but the king chose the right image at Tiruvarur. The other six images were installed in Thirukkuvalai, Nagapattinam, Tirukarayil, Tirukolili, Thirukkuvalai and Tirumaraikadu.
All the seven places are villages situated in the river Cauvery delta. All seven Thyagaraja images are said to dance when taken in procession (it is the bearers of the processional deity who actually dance). Thirunallar claims to be the Second of the seven Saptha Vidanga Sthalas. In other words, this sacred place enshrines a naturally formed Maragatha (emerald) Linga known as Navagavidanga which is the second out of the seven images gifted the Indra to a Chola King by name.
Lord Shiva, the King of dances, performs the Unmatha dance in this Kshetra. The sanctum on the left side of Thyagaraja has the Maragatha Linga kept in an iron safe. Abhishekas and pujas are offered to it five times a day. The temples with dance styles are regarded as Saptha Vidangam (seven dance moves) and the related temples are as under:
Temple
Vidangar Temple
Dance pose
Meaning
Thyagarajar Temple
Vidhividangar
Ajabathaanam
Dance without chanting, resembling the dance of Sri Thyagaraja resting on Lord Vishnu's chest
Dharbaranyeswarar Temple
Nagaradangar
Unmathanathaanam
Dance of an intoxicated person
Kayarohanaswamy Temple
Sundaravidangar
Vilathithaanam
Dancing like waves of sea
Kannayariamudayar Temple
Adhividangar
Kukunathaanam
Dancing like a cock
Brahmapureeswarar Temple
Avanividangar
Brunganathaanam
Dancing like a bee that hovers over a flower
Vaimoornaathar Temple
Nallavidangar
Kamalanaanathaanam
Dance like lotus that moves in a breeze
Vedaranyeswarar Temple
Bhuvanivividangar
Hamsapthanathaanam
Dancing with the gait of a swan

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Religious Significance

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple (Dharbaranyeswarar Temple), Karaikal – Religious Significance
The temple is counted as one of the Navagraha Temples for planet SaturnThirugnana Sambandar, a 7th-century Tamil Saivite poet, venerated Dharbaranyeswarar in ten verses in Thevaram, compiled as the First ThirumuraiAppar, a contemporary of Sambandar, also venerated Dharbaranyeswarar in 10 verses in Thevaram, compiled as the Fifth Thirumurai. As the temple is revered in Thevaram, it is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam, one of the 276 temples that find mention in the Saiva canon.
According to astrology, Saturn is the Lord of the houses Makara (Capricorn) and Kumbha (Aquarius). He is exalted in the house Thula (Libra) and is Ayurkaraka or in other words, governs our life span, Sesame or the gingelly is his favourite seed and cooked rice mixed with sesame is the favourite naivedana. The Siloatatnakara mentions the eagle as his vehicle. It is also said that lamps fed with gingili oil and lighted before him reduces the intensity of Sani Dosha and Saturday being his day in the week the offerings on that day of gingili oil fed lamps and gingili-rice bring to the devotee great virtues.
Saturn as well-known as one of the 9 planets and Is the biggest in the solar system next only to Jupiter. Its diameter is 71,500 miles and is of a lighter density than the earth. It orbits the sun taking about 29.5 years to take one full round, passing through the 12 sign of the zodiac in its stride. It is 886 million miles away from the Sun. And it takes 10.15 hours to make in rotation on its own axis.
Thirunallar Dharbaranyeswarar Temple is popularly known as ‘Thirunallar Saneeswaran Temple’. Thirunallar Dharbaranyeswarar Temple is considered as one of the Navagraha temples, dedicated to Lord Sani, Saturn. Navagraha temples are the nine temples dedicated to Navagrahas (nine planets or nine celestial bodies). The Navagrahas are believed to be the transmitters of Universal, quintessential energy or power. The Navagrahas are closely associated with the fixed stars in the Zodiac.
Each Navagraha temples are located at different places in and around Kumbakonam sector. The Navagraha temples are the best destination to get rid of from the influence of planets. And most of these Navagraha temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Shiva is worshipped as the main deity. The only Navagraha temple dedicated to Grahas (celestial bodies) is Suryanar temple.
The Navagraha Temples are:
·        Suryanar Temple – Surya (Sun)
·        Agneeswarar Temple – Shukra (Venus)
·        Kailasanathar Temple – Chandra (Moon)
·        Vaitheeswaran Temple – Mangala (Mars)
·        Thirunageswaram Nageswarar Temple – Rahu
·        Tirunallar Dharbaranyeswarar Temple – Sani (Saturn)
·        Keezhperumpallam Nagannathaswamy Temple – Kethu
·        Abathsahayeswarar Temple – Guru (Jupiter)
·        Thiruvenkadu Swetharanyeswarar Temple – Budha (Mercury)